Americana provides Access control security technique that can be used to regulate who or what can view or use resources in a computing environment.
There are two main types of access control physical and logical. Physical access control limits access to campuses, buildings, rooms and physical IT assets. Logical access limits connections to computer networks, system files and data.
The four main categories of access control are:
Access control systems (ACS) perform authorization identification,authentication,access approval, and accountability of entities through login credentials including passwords, personal identification numbers (PINs), biometric scans, and physical or electronic keys.
An ACS is primarily a physical operation implemented within high security areas, such as data centers, government/military institutes and similar facilities.
Typically, an ACS manages, monitors and controls human access to the protected equipment or facility. Most ACSs are designed to take a user provided credential as input, verify/authenticate privileges using the access control list (ACL) and grant/deny access based on the findings.